The Joyce Centre has learned with regret of the death of Stephen Joyce, grandson and last direct descendant of James Joyce. He was a doughty defender of his grandfather’s legacy and even though many of those subjected to the estate’s strictures in relation to permissions and fees actively resented them, Stephen was acting, as he saw it, to uphold his grandfather’s heritage.

It must also be said that some of the time Stephen’s opposition to things that were being done to Joyce’s texts and reputation was fully justified and that being the person in charge of the James Joyce Estate was a heavy burden. The loss three years ago of his wife Solange Raytchine was a severe blow to him. His decision shortly before he died to accept Irish citizenship and an Irish passport is a welcome indication that some reconciliation had been reached for him with Ireland, with which he had always been at odds and that a long-lasting family estrangement had been overcome.