On this day…22 July

On 22 July 1929 Édouard Dujardin wrote to Joyce praising Ulysse. Dujardin, author of Les Lauriers sont coupés which had influenced Joyce’s use of interior monologue, had been reading the newly published French translation of Ulysses, and wrote on 22 July to describe the experience. Joyce had met Dujardin as recently as the Déjeuner Ulysse, […]

On this day…22 May

22 May 1813 Richard Wagner was born. Wagner was a towering influence over European culture at the end of the nineteenth century. His early works Tannhäuser and Lohengrin were staples of the touring opera companies that visited Dublin theatres in the 1890s and early 1900s, where Joyce is certain to have seen them. But it […]